Causes And Prevention Of Heart Disease In Women

Causes And Prevention Of Heart Disease In Women

heart disease in women
heart symbol

– Heart Disease Is The No. 1 Killer Of Women Worldwide

– It Is Preventable

While heart disease was commonly thought of to be a problem mostly experienced by men, it is actually the most common cause of death for both men and women today. One problem is that the symptoms of heart attacks in women differ from those of men. However, women can take some steps to enable them better understand their symptoms of heart disease and thus reduce their risk of developing it.

Heart Disease Risk Factors and Causes In Women

While several factors including obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are both common to men and women, some may be more peculiar to women. These include Diabetes, depression and mental stress, smoking, inactivity, menopause, broken heart syndrome, pregnancy complications and inflammatory conditions. Some of these risk factors which are common to both men and women affect women more severely than it does men.

heart disease in women
Doctor holding up heart symbol

Symptoms Of Heart Disease In Women

One of the most common and noticeable symptom of heart attacks or heart disease in women is some pain or discomfort around the chest region. It is however not the most severe symptom as women can still have an heart attack even without experiencing this chest pain. Other possible symptoms of heart attack in women include pain in the arms, excessive sweating, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and lightheadedness/dizziness etc.

These symptoms are often not as obvious as chest pain. The reason women sometimes experience this chest pain is because they tend to have blockages in both their main arteries and in the smaller arteries that supply blood to the heart. This condition is often referred to as small vessel heart disease/coronary microvascular disease. These symptoms in women tend to occur most often when they are resting.

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Heart disease is not a problem ony elderly women should worry about. Women below the age of 65 should especially pay close attention to their heart health.

Prevention Of Heart Disease In Women

To prevent and reduce the risk of developing heart disease, women need to embark on different lifestyle changes. Some of these include exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, eating healthy diets high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats and low fat dairy products. Prescribed medication eg. aspirin, blood thinners, blood pressure medication etc. should also be taken with care. They should also manage conditions that put them at a higher risk of developing heart disease eg. obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.